HYPOTHERIMA VS HYPERTHERMIA
Hypothermia and Hyperthermia are conditions caused when the body is exposed to extreme temperatures or when the body is no longer able to regulate fluctuating body temperatures. The biggest difference between hypothermia and hyperthermia is temperature exposure. Hypothermia can happen with prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, while hyperthermia can happen with prolonged exposure to hot temperatures.
HYPOTHERMIA happens when you start losing body heat faster than your body can produce it.
- Being exposed to cold weather for prolonged time periods
- Being immersed in cold water for extended periods of time
- Having wet clothing in cold outdoor temperatures
- Not wearing proper layers and being in sweaty base layer clothing
- Certain medications, alcohol or drug use, and level of exhaustion
Athletes should take special preventative measures when training outdoors during the winter months, as the temperature drop can trigger Hypothermia.
- Speech can be affected and seem slurred
- Lack of coordination, shallow breathing, low energy, and possibly memory loss
- Losing consciousness in critical stages
If suffering from hypothermia, you should move to a warm and dry location if possible. Wet clothing should be removed, and dry clothing, blankets, and coats can be used to increase body temperature.
HYPERTHERMIA happens when your body heat levels rise too high.
- Prolonged outdoor exposure in summer months
- Unhealthy diet
- Electrolyte balances
- Extensive exercising
- Low heat tolerance
Athletes training or competing in summer events should take preventative measures due to their exertion levels and high exposure to heat.
- Heat cramps
- Heat exhaustion
- Heat stroke if critical
Monitoring hydration levels to prevent dehydration, supplementing electrolytes lost in sweat to prevent electrolyte imbalances, and proper heat training can prevent symptoms of hyperthermia.
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